Tuesday, November 6, 2007

Follow the Trend or Make a Difference: The Evolution of Collective Opinions

Fang Wu and Bernardo A. Huberman
Information Dynamics Laboratory, HP Labs

Abstract

No aspect of the massive participation in content creation that the web enables is more evident than in the countless number of opinions, news and product reviews that are constantly posted on the Internet. Given their importance we have analyzed their temporal evolution in a number of scenarios. We have found that (1) Ignorance of previous views leads to a uniform sampling of the range of opinions among a community. (2) Exposure of previous opinions to potential reviewers induces a trend following process which leads to the expression of increasingly extreme views. (3) When the expression of an opinion is costly and previous views are known, a selection bias softens the extreme views, as people exhibit a tendency to speak out differently from previous opinions. These findings are not only robust but also suggest simple procedures to extract given types of opinions from the population at large.

Download the PDF here: http://www.hpl.hp.com/research/idl/papers/opinion_expression/expression.pdf

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